Type 3

Another great timepiece created by Ressence for 2013: The Type 3 watch

Rating: 68 %1000 with 340 votes
Published by 2727 on April 3rd, 2013 at 05:03 p.m..
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Type 3

Some watches are quite different from others but this one is certainly very different from the usual. The traditional hands are replaced by convex discs set in a convex dial, the orbiting indications appear to be displayed directly onto the sapphire, a clever optical illusion. And there is no crown, at least not in the traditional sense: the complete sapphire case back rotates with the movement using an ingenious gravitational gearing system that allows the indications to be adjusted separately, with the dials facing up you can change the time and date, whilst flipping the watch over allows you to wind it.

A timepiece with a technology breathtaking, so simple and so beautiful. Once again the manufacture Ressence leaves us spellbound with another piece that looks like it came from another world: The TYPE 3 watch from Ressence.

Type 3



The Ressence Type 3 transports time from the dial to the crystal. The orbiting indications are bathed in a fluid that refracts light like air does, so the indications appear to be displayed directly onto the sapphire, closer to the eye of the beholder. The high-contrast white indicators against the black dial appear to be projected onto the top crystal as if onto a screen. Type 3 offers a tangible feeling of being able to touch time itself.

Discs displaying hours, minutes, seconds and days revolve under the domed sapphire crystal, while the date is read from the perimeter of the dial at 6:00 o'clock. The indications discs continually revolve, as does the whole dial itself. The face of the watch is constantly changing in the same way that a human face is transformed by each passing emotion.

Type 3

With the Type 3, Benoît Mintiens, the founder of Ressence, concentrates on the user experience rather than on creating a showcase for the workings of a watch. Traditional hands are replaced by convex discs set in a convex dial, providing an abstract representation of pared-down and poetic time. Lines painted on the hours, minutes and seconds discs indicate the time just like traditional hands, but unlike traditional hands, they do not overlap so less space is required between the dial and the crystal.

The Type 3 is a mechanical watch, however the illusion of seeing indications appear on the sapphire crystal as if they were on a computer screen is reinforced by the pronounced curve of the glass and a "water drop" effect that accentuates the black & white contrast of the dial.

The Type 3 provides proof of Leonardo Da Vinci's adage that "simplicity is the ultimate sophistication", because in order to take this new step forward, Benoît Mintiens had to develop some very original technical solutions.

The indications and their mechanisms are mounted inside a bubble crafted from extremely tough, anti-reflective sapphire crystal. The complication and indications follow the shape of the crystal. The mechanism (28 gears, 57 jewels) is enclosed in an upper compartment filled with a naphtha-type liquid that has a more similar index of refraction to the sapphire crystal than air does. Refraction bends light when it passes from one material to another, e.g. air-to-glass or glass-to-air. With the fluid-filled dial indications, refraction is greatly minimised, which tricks the brain into eliminating the impression of depth. A thermal valve automatically adjusts for any expansion or contraction of the fluid.

Type 3

An unbroken hermetic titanium membrane between the upper section housing the complication module and indications and the movement prevents any physical connection, so the information is transmitted magnetically. The automatic winding movement is protected by a Faraday cage to minimise the effects of magnetic fields on timing.

The name Ressence is a portmanteau assimilating the words renaissance and essence, and stands for the rebirth of what is essential to a watch, to displaying time. Ressence's quest for "the essential", which began with the replacement of traditional hands by flat discs, has taken another step forward in the Type 3 with the absence of a crown as well. The complete sapphire case back rotates and takes the role of the crown. A gravitational gearing system allows the indications to be adjusted separately: with the dials facing up, it is possible to change the time and date, with the back up, the watch can be wound.

Like the dial side, the back is curved convexly so that its centre touches the wrist between the bones, ensuring that the Type 3 is a very comfortable watch to wear.

Type 3


One of the most striking features of the Type 3 is its surface time display that, while not using traditional hands, uses the concept of hands to display the time. The Type 3 displays time as if it were projected onto a screen. Unlike watches with hands, where several layers of information are superimposed, the Ressence display system projects the information onto the outside of the sapphire crystal, eliminating the last perceptible barrier between the dial and the eye, the refraction of the glass. The brain uses reflection and refraction to understand shape and depth. Filling the display with fluid removes the visual reference points that the brain uses to perceive the shape. The effect is amplified by the play of shadows on the spherical dial: It has to be touched to be believed.

Type 3


This unique concept of a projected display would be impossible with traditional overlapping hands. However, the indications are still read in the same way as traditional hands, because we have learnt to tell the time using hands and once the skill has been mastered, the eye no longer reads the hour but interprets the angle between the two hands.

The Type 3 uses the whole surface of the crystal to display the indications so they can be read from very shallow angles, submerging the display module in liquid increases the contrast between the white indicator hands and the black dial. The black DLC becomes even darker in fluid, appearing to absorb light. The high contrast of the white indications against the jet-black dial deconstructs time and pares it back to its essence.

Type 3


Ressence design is characterised by purity and minimalism. This quest for pared-down design includes the process of deconstructing the timepiece, a process illustrated by the elimination of traditional hands and by the invisible fluid technology used to project the indications. And by removing the crown, the Type 3 opens up a whole new chapter in this quest for simplicity. The sapphire case back fulfils the functions of the crown with quadrants on the case back replacing different crown positions. The Type 3 is wound up by turning the case back. To change the date, it is simply necessary to make a longer rotation through 200° in order to arrive at the date quadrant. The hour is set by starting from the neutral position and turning in the direction indicated. A gravitational gearing system allows time setting to be disconnected by simply inverting the watch.

Type 3


The Type 3 consists of three basic elements: a central section is made from a 2mm titanium plate that integrates the lugs for the bracelet, an upper liquid-filled capsule with the complication and indications submerged in naphtha, and a lower section housing the movement (inside a Faraday cage) and winding/time-setting functions. The upper display module is completely sealed and physically separate from the movement. The indications are transmitted from the movement to the upper display via micro-magnetic fields.

Type 3


The dial and indications are curved (radius 125mm) and treated with DLC (diamond-like carbon). All the components are titanium with the exception of the gears. The indications, engraved in the discs are filled with Super-LumiNova (white, grey and orange). The display system has been invented developed and patented by Ressence and comprises 28 gears and 57 jewels (out of 82 jewels in total), three offset bi-axial satellites and an exterior date ring. The upper module also includes a gimbal, a shock absorption system and is totally filled with fluid. A thermostatic valve system allows for any expansion or contraction of the liquid due to the ambient temperature. By virtue of the convex curve of the dial, the angle of the satellite indications is approximately 3° for the hours and 4.75° for the seconds.

Type 3


Euros - 23,000.00 (without shipping or taxes)



Automatic winding movement
Based on calibre 2824-2
Visible ring-shape winding rotor
Information transmitted from movement to indications by micro-magnetic fields
With 120 components

Patented system invented and developed by Ressence
Independent module comprising 28 gears and 57 jewels
Grade 5 titanium plate integrating three eccentric biaxial satellites inclined at 3° and 4,75° with a date ring around the circumference
Shock absorber system including gimbal system
The module and indications are completely immersed in fluid
A thermal valve compensates for expansion/contraction of the fluid
With 287 components

With a total of 407 components

28,800 vph 4 (Hz)

Movement - 25 Jewels
Module - 57 jewels

36 hours

Hours, Minutes, 360º Seconds, date and days

Sapphire crystal and grade 5 titanium
Sandwich construction
With titanium membrane between movement and fluid-filled indication module

Domed sapphire crystal with anti-reflective coating on both sides

Measuring 44,00mm in diameter
Measuring 15,00mm in thickness

Convex dial and indications in grade 5 titanium with black DLC
Indications engraved and filled with white, grey and orange Super-LumiNova
Glowing green and orange in the dark

Domed sapphire crystal with anti-reflective coating on both sides

175 grams



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Type 3

Another great timepiece created by Ressence for 2013: The Type 3 watch